The Joplin Globe, Joplin, MO

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August 14, 2012

Kids battling ‘nature deficit disorder’

City of Joplin honored for efforts to get children outdoors

Kaden Speck, a third-grader at Irving Elementary School in Joplin, loves being outdoors.

“I like the outside because I can do dangerous wild survival stuff,” he said. “I can use sticks and pretend they are spears, and I can climb on rocks.”

But when it comes to the outdoors, Kaden and those like him are an exception.

In a world in which entertainment is overwhelmingly electronic, many children aren’t getting outside enough, say some of the experts. The result is something they call “nature deficit disorder.”

The term was coined in 2005 by author Richard Louv in his book “Last Child in the Woods” to explain how a disconnect with nature is affecting children.

While it isn’t a recognized medical condition and no statistics illustrate the number of youths who aren’t getting enough time outside, studies point to some of the consequences.

“Physicians are seeing an increase in vitamin D deficiencies, and learning specialists have determined that if children are not involved in outdoor free play during certain stages of their development, they won’t develop those cognitive skills at all,” said Kerstin Landwer, the development and volunteer coordinator at Joplin’s Wildcat Glades Conservation & Audubon Center.

Other health problems, including obesity, have been linked to children playing outdoors less often than those in earlier generations.

Joplin honored

But if a recent statewide award is any indication, Joplin has made strides reconnecting children and nature.

Last month, Joplin was one of two cities named Missouri Children in Nature communities for creating an environment that encourages youngsters to be outdoors. The other city was Kirksville. The Missouri Children in Nature Challenge was created by executive order of Gov. Jay Nixon to challenge communities to increase children’s opportunities to experience nature.

“Children appear to benefit physically, mentally and even spiritually by reconnecting with nature, and we need to provide them with the opportunities to do so,” Georganne Nixon, first lady of Missouri, said in a statement announcing Joplin’s designation.

Landwer wrote and submitted Joplin’s proposal, which included details about nine events from August 2011 through January this year, as well as partnerships with several community agencies and organizations.

“In the application process, you have to show that your community as a whole is making an investment in getting kids outdoors,” Landwer said.

Some of that investment was evident Saturday during the annual Shoal Creek Water Festival in Wildcat Park. Local companies, including EaglePicher Technologies, Commerce Bank, Missouri American Water and Lozier, served as sponsors. It paid off, organizers said, drawing more than 2,000 visitors.

One of the visitors was Kaden, the Irving student.

“He can just let his imagination go wild in nature,” said his grandmother, Carol Vore. “He goes camping, swimming, exploring — he can just be himself out here.”

Jasmine Talley, a fourth-grader at Stapleton Elementary School, spent a great deal of time at the Chert Glades Naturalist booth, examining aquatic invertebrates from Shoal Creek.

“I like the hellgrammite the best,” she said as she gently placed various creatures in a magnifier designed for use in water.

“She’s checked out every species we have,” said master naturalist Billie Mullins.

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