The Joplin Globe, Joplin, MO

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June 13, 2013

Prairie State Park photo guide

MINDENMINES, Mo. — Visitors may call ahead to inquire as to whether a naturalist at Prairie State Park is available to provide an interpretive tour, or simply take along this photo guide.

1. Bison track

Just south of the Visitors Center is an example of a natural depression in the flat prairie land that often holds rainwater and runoff, making it attractive to bison as a watering hole and a place to wallow. Another is midway along the trail. Plenty of bison tracks can be found around the wallow.

2. Yarrow

Very similar in appearance to Queen Anne’s lace, this prairie icon has soft, fern-like leaves that Native Americans and pioneers applied directly to wounds to aid in clotting. Its showy white bloom of numerous five-petal flowers is ideal for pollinators of all sizes.

3. Sensitive briar

This sprawling, low-growing, prickly-stemmed plant could be dangerous to those who are barefoot. It has a bright, pinkish purple flower that resembles a pompom. Gently touch its leaflets, which are sensitive to the touch, and they will fold together.

4. Winged sumac

Sumac is native, but it also can be invasive. It is known for its brilliant red color in the fall. The park staff controls it by burning it back, then brush-hogging it. The winged variety has “wings” of leaf-like tissue on the stems between each leaf.

5. Coreopsis

Easy to spot because of its rich gold color, this member of the family Asteraceae also is commonly called tickseed — although it has nothing to do with ticks.

6. Phlox

Just north of an intermittent creek that crosses the trail, phlox began making an appearance this week. They have larger, more showy blooms than Venus’ looking glass but are about the same purple color.

7. Gooseberries

A gooseberry bush is tucked in among other vegetation, and the park staff doesn’t mind if visitors sample the fruit. They are great in pies, but sour without the sugar.

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